27 US-INDIA GLOBAL REVIEW JULY-SEPTEMBER 2018 L et’s imagine that I am a fourteen-year-old boy. (Some of us never real- ly grow up!) I am sitting in class, feeling sleepy (as always). My eyes droop. It’s after lunch, and I would dearly like to take a nap, but naps are not in the curriculum. The teacher ram- bles on. Or the video rambles on. Or the pages of the book I am try- ing to read float together. I am fighting to retain the information, drifting in and out. What did I just learn? I don’t entirely remember. This lesson is boring. Or it’s too hard to comprehend. Or it’s taught in a way that seems strange to me. I want to learn, but I know that I won’t remember half of this information. Worst of all, I can’t hit the replay button. Now the bell rings, and my time has gone. The information has gone. I’m going to flunk the class, or I’ll have to spend a lot of time catching up on my own. This isn’t purely imaginary; it is the reality that students in schools everywhere around the world live daily. There are few institutions as inefficient and broken as the tradi- tional education systems of the world, because we treat education as an industrial good, a unit of knowledge served up to the mass- es in a one-size-fits-all box. We have made some attempts at per- sonalization, but they have remained marginal at best. Remaking Education with Avatars and A.I. SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY A girl views a new iPad tablet computer. Photo: Reuters/ Luke MacGregor Extract from the Indian edition of the book, "Driver in the Driverless Car" by Vivek Wadhwa, a technology entrepreneur and leading thinker in Silicon Valley