US-India Global Review

obligation, not the choice, of every civilized nation to combat the scourge of ter- rorism. The United States and India are leading this effort in that region. But another more pro- found transformation that’s taking place, one that will have far-reaching implica- tions for the next 100 years: The United States and India are increasingly global part- ners with growing strategic convergence. Indians and Americans don’t just share an affinity for democracy. We share a vision of the future. The emerging Delhi- Washington strategic part- nership stands upon a shared commitment uphold- ing the rule of law, freedom of navigation, universal val- ues, and free trade. Our nations are two bookends of stability – on either side of the globe – standing for greater security and pros- perity for our citizens and people around the world. The challenges and dan- gers we face are substan- tial. The scourge of terror- ism and the disorder sown by cyber attacks threaten peace everywhere. North Korea’s nuclear weapons tests and ballistic missiles pose a clear and imminent threat to the security of the United States, our Asian allies, and all other nations. And the very international order that has benefited India’s rise – and that of many others – is increasing- ly under strain. China, while rising along- side India, has done so less responsibly, at times under- mining the international, rules-based order even as countries like India operate within a framework that pro- tects other nations’ sover- eignty. China’s provocative actions in the South China Sea directly challenge the international law and norms that the United States and India both stand for. The United States seeks constructive relations with China, but we will not shrink from China’s challenges to the rules-based order and where China subverts the sovereignty of neighboring countries and disadvan- tages the U.S. and our friends. In this period of uncertain- ty and somewhat angst, India needs a reliable part- ner on the world stage. I want to make clear: with our shared values and vision for global stability, peace, and prosperity, the United States is that partner. And with India’s youth, its optimism, its powerful dem- ocratic example, and its increasing stature on the world stage, it makes per- fect sense that the United States – at this time – should seek to build on the strong foundation of our years of cooperation with India. It is indeed time to double down on a demo- cratic partner that is still ris- ing – and rising responsibly – for the next 100 years. But above all, the world – and the Indo-Pacific in par- ticular – needs the United States and India to have a strong partnership. India and the United States must, as the Indian saying goes, “do the need- ful.” (Laughter.) Our two countries can be the voice the world needs to be, standing firm in defense of a rules-based order to promote sovereign coun- tries’ unhindered access to the planet’s shared spaces, be they on land, at sea, or in cyberspace. In particular, India and the United States must foster greater prosperity and secu- rity with the aim of a free and open Indo-Pacific. The Indo-Pacific – includ- ing the entire Indian Ocean, the Western Pacific, and the nations that surround them – will be the most conse- quential part of the globe in the 21st century. Home to more than three billion people, this region is the focal point of the world’s energy and trade routes. Forty percent of the world’s oil supply crisscrosses the Indian Ocean every day – through critical points of transit like the Straits of Malacca and Hormuz. And with emerging economies in Africa and the fastest grow- ing economy and middle 11 US-INDIA GLOBAL REVIEW JANUARY-MARCH 2018